But surprisingly, those punished thus generally consider banishment to be the more hurtful of the two options: when God banishes cain instead of killing him, he cries out, "My punishment is greater than I can bear!" (4:13) cain's lament will be echoed by Shakespeare's Romeo. Be merciful, say 'death for exile hath more terror in his look, much more than death. Do not say 'banishment'!" ( Romeo and Juliet, iii. Iii.13-15) This, of course, is the opposite ploy of the innocent Desdemona, who negotiates unsuccessfully with her husband Othello: "O, banish me, my lord, but kill me not!" ( Othello,. We note that only innocent victims plead for any chance at life over death (except, of course, socrates!). In the pseudo-mythological era of the Trojan War, mycenean Greeks live violent yet poetically justified existences, as presented in the Oresteia : each perpetrator claims to have "right" on his side; each perpetrator is reacting to a past wrong; even those who are committed. And each character believes his retributive act of justice is appropriate (we recall Clytemnestra's cry of "act for act, wound for wound" as she slays Agamemnon for the murder of their daughter, and Orestes' stony response to Clytemnestra's cry for mercy: "you killed and.
Aeschylus oresteia essay questions
But the line stayed with me, and it slowly dawned on me that, as misled as this student might have been in her articulation of the point, the basic idea was sound: both killing and banishment serve the same purpose, to remove the perpetrator. Ostracism is an admittedly severe punishment for anyone with a sense of community identity, and we see the same suggestion of a choice between death and banishment as appropriately equivalent punishments in many of the texts on our syllabus, beginning with the Oresteia. Toward the end of the first play, clytemnestra is justifiably outraged when the chorus, composed of old men of Argos, sentence her to banishment for murdering Agamemnon who received not even a word of chastisement for sacrificing their daughter, the crime she is avenging: "And. you banish me from the city, curses breathing person down my neck? But he - name one charge you brought against him then. He thought no more of it than killing a beast, and his flocks were rich, teeming in their fleece, but he sacrificed his own child, our daughter, the agony i labored into love to charm away the savage winds of Thrace. Didn't the law demand you banish him? hunt him from the land for all his guilt? But now you witness what i've done and you are ruthless judges." (. ) She will, in fact, be murdered by her own son instead.
4:10) In both stories we have a divine power responding to the spilling of kindred human blood. Even the metaphor of a ground that drinks in spilled human blood appears in both texts: the mother's blood that wets the ground, you can never bring it back, dear god, the earth drinks, and the running life is gone. 259-261) (And the lord said "And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand." ( Gen. 4:11) This brings us to the question of punishment. Cain is exiled for his crime, (And the lord said "When you till the ground, it will no longer yield to you its strength; you will be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth. 4:12) and the furies argue that Orestes should be too: Can a son spill his mother's blood on the ground, then settle into his father's halls in Argos? Where are the public altars he can use? Can the kinsmen's holy water touch his hand? 661-664) When one of my students wrote in an essay, "killing is a form of banishment i almost slashed it through with a red pen, assuring myself that proofreading would have caught such an obvious resume blunder.
Aegisthus, Thyestes' son, will help Clytemnestra writing plot the murder of her husband Agamemnon, Atreus' son. These two murderers will then be killed by Orestes, son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, who will then send the furies after her son for the crime of spilling parental blood. But it all began the generation before with brother-on-brother violence. Which also rings a bell. It is, of course, in Genesis where we read of two other brothers, the one spilling the blood of the other. That victim's blood, too, cries out for vengeance. After resume cain murders Abel, god asks, what have you done? Listen; your brother's blood is crying out to me from the ground!
The, oresteia is knit from thematic threads which run throughout the fabric of courses such as we all teach: we shall see similar themes and plot developments in texts from other cultures, as well as direct reflections/imitations of Aeschylus' art in diverse works in the. Since the Oresteia is, in fact, about the founding of a new order and a new system of justice, there is no better place for us to start than with the subject of crime and punishment. In the Oresteia, the furies are presented as the goddesses of vengeance born of the intergenerational violence perpetrated by son upon father (we recall they are born from the drops of blood that hit the ground after the castration of Ouranos by Cronos And the. ( lb, 66-69) The libation bearers of the second play attempt to convince Orestes that murdering his mother is the right course to take in order to avenge his own father's death at her hands. They remind Orestes that in the world of Mycenean justice, a brutal world ruled by zeus' law, the spilling of kindred blood demands a literally retributive response, the spilling of more blood: It is the law: when the blood of slaughter wets the ground. Slaughter cries for the fury of those long dead to bring destruction on destruction churning in its wake! ( lb, 394-398) The image of spilled blood crying out for vengeance is d familiar. We also recall that all the trouble for the house of Atreus began when Atreus punished his brother Thyestes for raping his wife by tricking his brother into eating his own children.
Aeschylus oresteia essay questions - t83t
But I hope to prove its particular usefulness as a foundation-builder for the rest of the course. I invite the perspicacious reader to use this study only as a point of departure. The, oresteia offers many great teaching opportunities, especially for those of us who have an extensive greek slide collection and know how to use it! I like to take my students on the Orestes Trek, tracing his footsteps from the lion Gate at Mycenae to the temple of Apollo at Delphi, to the aeropagus at Athens, site of the culminating scene of the trilogy. Included in such a slide show, of course, is a tour of ancient theaters so they can view the orchestra of the theater from the vantage point of an audience member, see a greek chorus in action, and stare at the breath-taking sight of the. But before our students can absorb the.
Oresteia as ancient theatergoers would have, they must become familiar with the story known to every person in the Theater of dionysus that day in 458 bc when Aeschylus' trilogy won first prize: the story of Clytemnestra's murder of her husband Agamemnon, commander-in-chief of the. He is also the next recipient of the curse of the house of Atreus. Oresteia is based on a legend that would have been known to the Greek audience through Homer and others, we now have a reasonable excuse - quiz and need - for introducing material from Homer's. Odyssey, for which there is, alas, no room on our syllabus. Theban Plays offer no such opportunity. Providing information now about Homer's poem and the tradition of epic poetry helps not only in terms of filling in plot details, but will come in handy later when we present the. Sundiata, another epic which springs from an oral tradition (in this case, the mandingo tradition of Old Mali).
In geometry, ancient Greeks found the value of pi, and a man named Euclid, who wrote the book elements around 300. C., theorized that if two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or opposite, angles shall be equal. In physics, the lever and pulley was invented along with a force pump which eventually evolved into a steam engine. Important people in this area were Archimedes and Pythagoras who were two of the many influential Greek citizens. Ancient Greece has definitely made many influential contributions to western civilization. The, oresteia : Bringing Structure and Unity to a core course" by janice siegel, temple University originally presented at, tradition and Innovation: The full and Open Discussion.
DoubleTree hotel, philadelphia, pennsylvania, april 10-13, 1997, today i will speak about using the. Oresteia to bring structure and unity to a core course. The comments presented here are connections and ideas generated in discussion among my students, my colleagues and myself in honest and open interaction with texts and ideas, in class and out, this past year at Temple University. The particular texts these discussions involved this past term are: Aeschylus'. Oresteia, sophocles' oedipus Rex and Antigone, pericles'. Funeral Oration (from Thucydides peloponnesian War plato's, apology and, crito, selected poems by sappho, genesis and, exodus (Old Testament gospel of Matthew (New Testament selected surahs of the. Koran, sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali, galileo's "Starry messenger machiavelli's, prince, and Shakespeare's, othello. As with any investigation, since the original conception of these ideas, many themes and threads identified here have become apparent in other texts. In a course such as ours, which purports to be an intellectual history/history of ideas/survey course of various genres of literature from antiquity through the renaissance - otherwise known as Intellectual Heritage 51 - i don't believe that anyone would question the need for.
What Is Justice, essay, cram
In this play, many Greek values were expressed which is also the purpose of most western civilization kites plays today (to express certain values). Also, the ideas of comedies and tragedies are used in western civilization except expanded and twisted around a little. A lot of famous play writers today are also inspired by the works of play writers from ancient Greece. The most important areas of Greek achievement were math and science. They achieved all kinds of things in the areas of psychology, astronomy, geometry, biology, physics, and medicine. In astronomy they formulated the ideas that the sun was 300 times larger than the earth, the universe was composed of atoms, and they calculated the true size of the earth. Someone greatly involved in astronomy was Aristotle.
One famous comedy writer was Aristophanes. He wrote the plays The birds and movie Lysistrata. An tragedy in ancient Greece usually dealt with a moral or social issue, human suffering, and almost always ended in disaster. Three famous Greek tragedy writers are aeschylus, euripides, and Sophocles. Aeschylus wrote the play the Oresteia, euripides wrote the play medea, and Sophocles wrote the plays Oedipus the king and Antigone. One of the most famous out of all of these plays was Antigone. It was written in about 441. And was about a girl named Antigone who defies the king's orders and buries her brother, who was killed while leading a rebellion.
democratic ideas which he expressed through the book, the republic. Lastly, aristotle, who lived in Greece from around 384 to 322. C., was a philosopher who believed strongly that human reason was very important. He says that a life guided by human reason is superior to any other and that someone's ability to reason distinguishes them from anyone else. Many other ideas came from philosophers and two of these includes the thought that divine power ruled the universe and that human desire is dangerous and should be controlled. These ideas along with the ideas of human reasoning, standards for justice, and a democracy are still used in western civilization, therefore showing Greece's influence and contribution. Another area of Greek achievement is theater. Plays began to become important in ancient Greece and two types of plays which were written and performed were comedies and tragedies. A comedy in ancient Greece was usually a play that marked or made fun of a certain topic, person, or group of people.
Greek philosophers were great thinkers who were determined to seek truth to a certain subject or question no matter where it led them. Three famous philosophers includes Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato. Socrates, who lived from around 470 to 399. Believed that life was not worth living unless it was examined and the truth about life was sought out. He also believed that there had to be certain standards for justice and punishment. In order to solve problems in metamorphosis life, socrates invented a method for solving these problems called the socratic method. In the world today this method is commonly know as the Scientific method and is used widely in the area of science.
Essay on Deception Cram
Ancient Greeks made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, and math and science. The letter ancient Greeks have made many influential contributions to western civilization. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, and math and science. The ancient Greeks were a remarkable civilization in that they have made all these contributions and achievements while simultaneously fighting two wars, the peloponnesian wars and the persian wars. One inner-lying region of Greece, sparta, and one adjacent region to Greece, macedonia, were also of no help. Whether it be fighting for territory or threatening to Greece over these regions were nevertheless a problem. Luckily for western civilization, Greece persevered through these hardships and managed to achieve one thing after another, ultimately contributing a vast amount to western civilization. In the area of philosophy, greece had made many influential contributions to western civilization.