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36 In Sweden, the Swedish National Agency for Higher Education considers a german Diplom as sufficient for the admission to a swedish Master's program. 37 On the conference in 2005 in Kingston, Ontario, canada, malmqvist. 38 stated that, the Swedish civilingenjör engineering degree programs "are 4 year integrated engineering programs roughly equivalent to master of Science or Diplom-Ingenieur degrees". 39 Comparison between Diplom and Bologna degrees in Germany edit The variations in the acceptance of degrees was one reason the eu initiated and executed the bologna Process. Part of the bologna Process shall ensure comparability between higher-education qualifications in the. As part of this process Germany has introduced Masters and bachelor's degrees and has largely phased out the awarding of new diploma degrees. A process not universally welcomed by the german academic and engineering communities.

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In contrast to this, the University of California, los Angeles 16 requires the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) and considers the vordiplom, the diplom (FH) or a german bachelor's degree as not sufficient. According to world Education Services, a german Diplom is equivalent to having earned both. Bachelor's and master's degrees. 17 In Canada, the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) is at most universities the prerequisite to enter a canadian Master's program, and corresponds generally to a canadian 4-year Bachelor's/Bachelier degree and an honours bachelor's degree; in all cases to a university bachelor with Honours degree. In Denmark the diplom (FH) awarded after four years of tuition is considered as being equivalent to a danish bachelor's degree, whereas the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) awarded after at least 4 years of tuition merits a kandidatuddannelse. 26 The german Diplom must not be confused with a danish Diplomuddannelse which is equivalent to a bachelor's degree. 27 In the United Kingdom the University of Aberystwyth, 28 the University college london 29 30 and the University of Sheffield 31 consider both Diplom or a bachelor's degree as sufficient to enter a postgraduate programme. Also the University of Edinburgh states that it considers both degrees as sufficient to enter postgraduate programmes. 32 In the republic of Ireland, the diplom (FH) is recognized as being equivalent to a bachelor's Honours degre, while a diplom is considered equivalent to the Irish Mater's degree if its standard duration was at least.5 years. 33 34 In Norway, the authority in charge for the recognition of foreign qualifications Norwegian statements Agency for quality Assurance in Education, called the diplom degree system as being both "complex" and "confusing". 35 The norwegian Statistical Office compares the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) with the norwegian master's degree.

It is usually apparent from the context if an academic degree is meant or not, especially when the word is combined with the academic profession. International comparison (Germany) edit Acceptance of the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) and the diplom (FH) varies from country to country and from university to university. Usually holders of any of the degrees are considered for admission filsafat to postgraduate (not necessarily doctoral) studies. The acceptance or rejection of the diploma not only varies because of different academic standards, but also because of political, regulatory and administrative reasons. A bilateral agreement between Germany and France sets the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) as equivalent to the French maîtrise. 9 In the netherlands the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) is usually accepted as equivalent to the dutch doctorandus 9 or the dutch master's degree. 10 In the United States, evaluations. For example, for admission to graduate studies, the University of Arizona, 11 the University of Central Florida 12 and the University of Wisconsin-Madison 13 require (at least) the vordiplom plus an additional year of study. The Oregon State University 14 and the University of southern California 15 consider holders of a diplom (not differing between (FH) and (Univ.) ) for admission to graduate studies.

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In German-speaking countries and in countries which Germany has bilateral agreements with—regarding the recognition of academic qualifications, the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) is usually accepted as admission into doctorate programs. Further kinds of diploma (Germany) edit While the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) and the diplom (FH) were the most common Diplom degrees in Germany, further Diploma did and do exist. Those are: Diplom (BA) The diplom (BA) was not an academic degree, but instead a qualification designation which students received after completing a three-year programme at a so-called University of cooperative education ( Berufsakademie ). These colleges combined coursework with apprenticeships. Diplom (DH) In the german state of Baden-Württemberg, the Universities of cooperative education were transferred into the baden-Württemberg cooperative state University ( duale hochschule baden-Württemberg ) in 2009. Former students of a university of cooperative education can transfer their qualification designation Diplom (BA) into the academic degree diplom (DH) Diplom i and Diplom ii some german universities (for example the University of Kassel ) used to offer these academic degrees, where the diplom. Other uses of the word edit In the german language the word Diplom can also be used for certificates of any kind of achievement.

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The curriculum for a diplom (FH) degree, obtained at a university of Applied Sciences ( Fachhochschule ) used to be more application-oriented, in comparison to what was expected for a univ. The programme was slightly shorter and often one semester was spent by the essay students doing an internship. Those with some previous vocational qualification in a subject related to their studies were typically except from the requirement to do an internship. Typically, the studies in such a program were more organized and structured than the studies at a university, with a tighter schedule and a larger number of intermediate and final exams. Subjects were split into those regarded as basic studies and in-depth studies. Unlike the universities the period of basic studies ( Grundstudium ) wasn't completely separated from the period of in-depth studies ( Fachstudium ) by a pre-diploma. Instead of a pre-diploma the passing of one or more intermediate exams in a subject qualified to move forward with that particular subject or start related in-depth subject studies.

Passing one or more final exams in a subject completed a subject. Once almost all subjects were completed thesis work could start, but the missing final exams had to be passed latest with the completion of the thesis work. It was typical to perform thesis work in the industry, supervised by a professor from the university of applied science and a senior professional from the company where the work was performed. Although lab work was also permitted as thesis work. The written thesis work needed to be defended in an oral exam after which the diploma was granted. The diplom / Diplom (Univ.) is usually a prerequisite for preparing a doctorate ( doktorarbeit ). However, under certain conditions, holders of a diplom (FH) are also eligible for doctoral studies.

There are a few rare exceptions where the postfix need not be added, mostly due to older laws, small differences in the laws of the german states or transition rules. Transition rules, for example in engineering, or European Union directives like directive 2005/36/EC 6 grant certain limited groups with other kinds of related qualifications to also use the designation Diplom. To obtain a diplom at a university, students had to complete two separate periods of study. The first one was a two-year period of coursework in courses of mainly (but not only) introductory nature, the Grundstudium (meaning basic studying period ). After (and during) this period, in addition to exams for passing the modules, students attained a series of usually four intermediate exams to obtain the vordiplom (meaning pre-diploma ).

The second period, the hauptstudium (meaning main period of study consisted of two years of coursework in courses of advanced level, an additional period of several months in which a thesis had to be written and eventually a series of usually four 7 final exams. It was not unusual for students to need more than two years for the coursework of the hauptstudium. An obtained Vordiplom and the completion of the coursework of the hauptstudium were the requirements to register for working on the thesis and for the final exams. However, access to courses of the hauptstudium was usually not restricted to students who had already obtained the vordiplom. The extent of the final exams and the exams to obtain the vordiplom was set by each university individually in its regulations. Normally, the content of two different modules of the preceding period of coursework was examined in each of the examinations, which could be oral or less often in writing. Most students needed approximately six months to complete the final exam period. The thesis which followed an independent (although supervised) research project had officially to be completed in not more than 3 to 9 months (depending on subject and university). 8 However, the actual time students worked on these projects could again exceed the official duration by several months.

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However, the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) was also the highest non-doctoral degree in science, business or engineering in Germany. The duration of the diplom degree programmes differed depending on subject and university. An official average duration ( Regelstudienzeit ) was set by law in each German state, usually being four years for a diplom (FH) and 4,.5 or 5 years for a diplom / Diplom (Univ.). In exceptional cases, universities were allowed to set longer average durations for certain subjects (hgrp1995 26 (3 2 nhg2007 6 (3 3 HmbHG2001 53 (3) 4 ). However, due to the curriculum set by most universities in Germany, the 4,.5 or 5 years for a diplom / Diplom (Univ.) were often exceeded. 5 Although being a first degree, because of its actual duration, the diplom / Diplom (Univ.) was and is in Germany not considered as thesis an equivalent report to a bachelor's but rather to a master's degree, as also expressed by the equivalent ects credits for the. A holder of a diplom obtained at a university is, depending on subject, for example referred to as "Diplom-Ingenieur" ( Diplom-Engineer "Diplom-kaufmann" ( Diplom-Merchant "Diplom-biologe" ( Diplom-biologist ) and. In bavaria, sometimes the postfix Univ. If the diplom has been obtained at a university of Applied Sciences ( Fachhochschule ) the postfix fh has to be added (e.g.

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The French engineering diploma is called Diplôme d'Ingénieur (often abbreviated as Dipl. The French government also grants to all holders international of a diplôme d'Ingénieur the academic title of Ingénieur Diplômé, which is official and legally protected in France. Germany edit before the introduction of the bachelor's and master's degrees in Germany, the standard Science, engineering or Business degree was the diplom and could be, in several variations, obtained at several types of institutes of higher education. Obtained at a university, the degree was simply called a diplom or rarely a diplom (Univ.) and took usually between four and six years (240360 European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System credits depending on subject and curriculum. When obtained at a so-called University of Applied Sciences (or Fachhochschule the diploma degree is called a diplom (FH) and took mostly four years (240 ects credits). The diplom was usually awarded in the natural sciences, business and engineering, while students of humanities, arts and languages finished with a magister. (The degree in social sciences differed from university to university.) All kinds of Diplom degrees were usually first degrees.

advent of the centenary. The diplom was subsequently adopted by the technische hochschulen ( Institutes of Technology ) which had received university status following this Prussian decree. 1 Later, all German universities adopted the diplom as their degree in Science or Engineering. In East Germany, the diplom was the only first degree and was also granted in disciplines such as medicine or law, which at West German universities were completed with a staatsexamen. Nowadays such diploms are still granted to students of such disciplines, although most universities only grant the diplom status (for example "Diplom-Jurist" in law) on request. Some universities also grant a master's degree (e.g. "Magister iuris to such students on request. With the implementation of the bologna process, awarding new Diplom and Magister degrees has become rare, since they are replaced by bachelor's or master's degrees. Already awarded degrees remain valid. 'diplôme' is the French word for degree or diploma.

For the general degree or resume certificate, see. A, diplom (German: diplom ( listen from, ancient Greek : δίπλωμα diploma ) is an academic degree in the german-speaking countries, germany, austria, and. Switzerland and a similarly named degree in some other European countries including. Bulgaria, belarus, bosnia and Herzegovina, croatia, estonia, finland (only for engineers france, greece, hungary, russia, romania, serbia, macedonia, slovenia, and Ukraine. The term is also used in Brazil for engineers. Contents History edit The diplom originates from the French Diplôme ( Diplôme de l'ordre impérial de la légion d'honneur ) describing a certificate devised during the second French Empire to bestow honours upon outstanding citizens and soldiers of the imperial French army to promote them. The magister degree was the original graduate degree at German speaking universities.

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A pioneer of open access publishing, bmc has an evolving portfolio of high quality peer-reviewed journals including broad interest titles such as bmc biology and bmc medicine, specialist journals such as Malaria journal and Microbiome, and the. Expanding beyond biomedicine into the physical sciences, mathematics and engineering disciplines, bmc now offers a wider portfolio of subject fields on a single open access platform. At bmc, research is task always in progress. We are committed to continual innovation to better support the needs of our communities, ensuring the integrity of the research we publish, and championing the benefits of open research. Bmc is part of Springer Nature. Bmc annual Report 2017. This article is about the academic degree awarded in Central and Eastern Europe.

Biology senior thesis
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  1. Click on a name to view that University or collection home page. Our program has three tracks which target students at different points in their education. The tracks differ in the degree of independence students experience when conducting research.

  2. Naira Abdula comes from mozambique, a country with one of the lowest literacy rates in the world. At skidmore, shes gaining business and economics skills while raising funds to teach children to read, write, and count using interactive technology. A diplom (German: ( listen from Ancient Greek: δίπλωμα diploma) is an academic degree in the german-speaking countries Germany, austria, and Switzerland and a similarly named degree in some other European countries including Bulgaria, belarus, bosnia and Herzegovina, croatia, estonia, finland (only for engineers France. Shown below is a list of universities and the departments and sub-communities within them.

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